The central theme of
the Bible is the love of God. This love
can be seen in that the angels, the very
first created beings, were created with
the capacity to experience the joy of
God’s wonders. God said to Job, Where were you when I
laid the foundation of the earth! . .
. . When the morning stars [angels]
sang together, and all the sons of God
[angels] shouted for joy (Job 38:4-7)?
God’s love can be seen, as well, when He
created Adam and Eve and entrusted them
with a beautiful, perfect, pristine
environment to enjoy (Genesis 1 and 2,
especially 2:28-31). It can be seen in the
fact that, though His children rebelled
against Him (Genesis 2:16-17; 3:1-7) and,
indeed, all have sinned (Romans 3:23),
He sacrificed His own beloved Son to
rescue them from the power and eternal
penalty of sin, For
God so loved the world, that He gave
His only begotten Son, that whoever
believes in Him should not perish, but
have eternal life (John
3:16). God’s love can be seen by His
creation of the wonderful eternal abode
into which He will escort all who love him
(John 14:1-3; Revelation 21:1 - 22:5).
From the beginning of the Bible to the end
we see the theme of God’s love develop and
come to fruition for time and eternity. Is
it reasonable to believe that forty ormore men spread over a period of 1600
years and six countries on three
continents could conceive, compose and
compile a sixty-six book unit that is
perfectly consistent in theme and seamless
in the development of that theme from the
first book to the last? It is far more
reasonable to believe that there was One
overarching Mind in charge of the entire
One would expect that,
if the Bible were authored by God, it
would contain no contradiction; and indeed
that is the case. There may seem to be
contradictions, but in every such case it
is because the text is not properly
understood for some reason, whether it be
lack of understanding of the culture or
because it is not studied in context or
because of poor translation or some other
reason; but there actually are no
contradictions. Here are some examples of
apparent, but not actual, contradictions:
contradiction, but not an actual one.
There are at least two possible
1) A natural explanation: Judas hanged
himself over a cliff and the branch to
which the rope was tied, or the rope
2) A cultural explanation, as quoted from
Dr. Arnold Fruchtenbaum's Messianic
Christology, Appendix 8, The Death
of Judas Iscariot, pp. 153-154:
committed suicide [by hanging, NM] at the
end of the first night of Passover, before
the first day of Passover [the Jewish day
begins and ends at sundown, NM] when the
morning Passover sacrifice would be
offered . . . . According to Jewish law,
if there was a dead body in Jerusalem,
then the city was to be considered defiled
and the morning sacrifice could not be
offered. However, Jewish law goes on to
say that if the corpse is taken and cast
into the Valley of Hinnom . . . then the
city is cleansed and the Passover can be
offered up. . . . When Judas hanged
himself within the walls of Jerusalem, he
caused the city to become defiled, thus
preventing the morning sacrifice from
proceeding. . . . Judas' body would have
been taken and thrown over the wall into
the Valley of Hinnom, thereby cleansing
the city. The fall of Judas' body is what
is being described in Acts 1:18.
contradiction; but there are several
Hebrew words that can be translated kill.
The one used in 20:13 should have been
translated, murder. In fact, most
recent translations translate it that way:
You shall not
murder. So, under the
Mosaic Law murder was forbidden, but
capital punishment was commanded for one
who struck a parent. No contradiction.
Contradiction Because Studied Out of
Context In 2 Corinthians 11:8, Paul wrote, I robbed other
In Philippians 4:9, he wrote,
The things you
have learned and received and heard
and seen in me, practice these things. Did Paul
exhort the Philippians to be church
robbers? If he did, that would be
contradictory to his exhortation to the
Ephesians, Let him who steals
steal no longer (Ephesians
Let’s look at the
statement in context:
other churches, taking wages from them
to serve you. No, he didn’t
really rob other churches. He spoke figuratively
because he received wages from other churches,
enabling him to serve
the Corinthians from whom he did not receive
wages. No contradiction.
At times, the immediate
context suffices to clarify a statement,
as in this case. At other times, the
broader context of a few paragraphs must
be considered, or an entire book, or the
entire Bible. In any case, considering a
scripture in context will often resolve an
It is not reasonable to think that the
sixty-six volumes of the Bible, so varied
in authorship, time, place of composition,
etc., would contain no contradiction -
unless their composition was superintended
At the very least, the
minimum test that a book must pass to
possibly be the Word of God is its
consistency with proven natural facts. Any
book that fails this test could not
possibly be the Word of God inasmuch as
any reasonable conception of God must
include the premise that only truth
proceeds from God’s lips. In fact, the
Bible itself declares, It is impossible for
God to lie (Hebrews 6:18). I think
you’ll see from these amazing examples that the
Bible passes this test far more than minimally!
1. From Anthropology "An astonishingly accurate document." Genesis 10, often referred to as the
Table of Nations, delineates - in detail -
the lines of descent of the earth’s first
nations proceeding from Noah and his three
sons. According to Unger’s Bible
Handbook, Young’s Analytical
Concordance (page 25) declares that
Dr. William F. Albright, former director
of the American School of Oriental
Research in Jerusalem, called the Table of
Nations “an astonishingly accurate
document." (4) Its accuracy is
truly astonishing in light of the fact
that it was written by Noah’s son, Shem
(Genesis 11:10), about 2300 B.C. and was
included in the Pentateuch (the Five Books
of Moses) about 1450-1400 B.C. No ancient
fable here, but a reliable anthropological
2. From History
Joshua's conquest of Jericho took place about 1400 B.C.
According to Halley's Bible Handbook, (5) Dr.
John Garstang, director of the British School of
Archaeology in Jerusalem and of the Department of
Antiquities of the Palestine Government, excavated the
ruins of Jericho between 1929 and 1936. Let's see how
the Book of Joshua (authored by Joshua about 1400-1370
B.C.) matches up with Dr. Garstang's findings.
a. Dr. Garstang found that Jericho's wall consisted of
an inner and an outer wall linked together by houses
built across the top. Joshua 2:15 says of Rahab,
Then she let them down by a
rope through the window, for her house was on the city
wall, so that she was living on the wall. Rahab's
house was on the city wall.
b. Dr. Garstang determined that the city was destroyed
around 1400 B.C., and confirmed that the walls fell down
flat - not partially, but flat - an amazing phenomenon
for a wall of such thickness. Joshua 6:20 states,
the wall fell down flat.
c. Dr. Garstang found "great layers of charcoal and
ashes and wall ruins reddened by fire" and that "houses
along the outer wall were burnt to the ground." Joshua
6:24 says that the lsraelites burned the city with fire,
and all that was in it.
d. Under the ashes and fallen
walls, Dr. Garstang found storerooms in which there was
"an abundance of foodstuffs, wheat, barley, dates,
lentils, and such, turned to charcoal by intense heat,
untouched and uneaten: evidence that the conquerors
refrained from the food." Joshua 6:18 declares that
before the conquest, Joshua warned the lsraelites,
Keep yourselves from the things
under the ban. (Leviticus 27:28b declares,
Anything devoted to destruction is most holy to the LORD.
The Hebrew word for
devoted to destruction is cherem,
which means devoted to destruction because of being
The conquest of Jericho took place 3,400 years ago. The
Bible describes it in detail with unfailing and absolute
accuracy! A Hebrew myth? Not at all. Simply more
evidence that the Bible was authored by God.
Chemistry or Nuclear Physics
There are many examples of the Bible's accuracy
concerning scientific phenomena. Dr. John Morris of the
Creation Research lnstitute lists thirty-nine of them
from six areas of science. (6) Perhaps the most
astounding example is the following:
2 Peter 3:10-13 declares,
But the day of the Lord will come like a
thief, in which the heavens will pass away
with a roar and the elements will be
intense heat, and the earth and its works
will be burned up. 11. Since all these things
are to be destroyed
in this way, what sort of people ought you
to be in holy conduct and godliness, 12. looking
for and hastening the coming of the day of
God, on account of which the heavens will be
destroyed by burning, and the elements will
melt with intense heat! 13. But according to His
promise we are looking for new heavens and a
new earth, in which righteousness dwells.
The literal sense of
the passage is that there will be a literal burning of
the present heavens and earth. Scripture refers to three
heavens: the heaven where God dwells and the two
naturally observable heavens, the starry heavens (outer
space) and the atmospheric heavens, where the birds fly
and the clouds hover. In a future study, I will show
God's Heaven will not be destroyed. The passage refers
solely to the starry and atmospheric heavens.
Three times the
passage declares that
the elements will be destroyed by burning with intense heat
(to combine the instances).According to Strong's Concordance, two of the
meanings of the Greek word translated
destroyed in each of
the three verses are "break up" and "dissolve."
 In addition, both
Strong's and Young's Concordances give two of the
meanings of the word translated
elements as "element[s]" and "rudiment[s]."
ln other words, the most fundamental particles of the
entire physical universe will be dissolved
Fisherman Peter never
studied chemistry or nuclear physics; yet, in about 64
A.D., he wrote in the most apocalyptic of tones that the
most fundamental of physical particles will one day be
destroyed, dissolved with
Dr. Morris writes,
Possibly this will be
a global atomic fission reaction or else simply a
vast explosive disintegration involving
transformation of the chemical energy of the
elements into heat, light and sound energy.
What remains after the global fiery
disintegration will be other forms of energy
so that, although God's principle of
conservation still holds, the solid earth
will seem to have
fled away" (Revelation 20:11).
Dr. Morris associates
this conflagration with Revelation 3:20, which is after
the Millennium and before the Great White Throne
Judgment. Others consider it a pre-millennial
phenomenon. Whatever the case, we catch the point that
Dr. Morris is making. Whether the passage refers to
atomic fission (as it seems to many Bible scholars) or
the explosive transformation of all chemical energy into
other forms of energy, Peter speaks of an explosion of a
magnitude that would have been unthinkable in the early
part of the twentieth century - let alone two thousand
years ago. This Scripture was scoffed at early in the
twentieth century for that very reason; but since then,
mankind has beheld such spectacles as exploding stars
through the use of telescopes, and nuclear holocausts -
and the lips of scoffers have been sealed.
4. From Biology
ln Genesis 3, we read that the serpent tempted Adam and
Eve to disobey God by eating the forbidden fruit, and
thereby brought about the Fall of the human race.
Because of this, God cursed the serpent, and one of the
aspects of that curse was, You
shall go upon your belly (verse 14). The
implication of this is that the serpent had, until that
time, either stood on legs or upright on its tail, like
To many, the story is but a fairy tale or myth; but
consider this article from the lsrael Today
newspaper of August 8, 2008:
Study on snake evolution upholds Bible
international team of scientists including a
professor from lsrael's Technion Institute
concluded in a recent study that snakes were
once four-legged creatures.
The findings, which were published in the
scientific journal Nature, seemed to
uphold the account in the biblical Book of
Genesis where God curses the serpent for
having played a role in deceiving mankind
and sentences the creature to thereafter
slither on its belly.
The study attributes the change to a slow
evolutionary process, but indirectly
acknowledges that the loss of limbs was not
a positive change for snakes, contradicting
the belief of evolutionists that
evolutionary changes are always a step
From Genetics: Genetic Entropy Points to a Young
Creation and Humanity
Genetic entropy is the breakdown of the genome (the
complete set of genes or genetic material present in
a cell or organism) due to the accumulation of
mutations from generation to generation. In an
article entitled Genetic Entropy Points to a
Young Creation, Ph.D. Jeffrey Tomkins of the
Institute of Creation Research reports on data resulting from recent research by
both secular and creation scientists:
Data that confirm a young creation are
rapidly emerging from genetic studies
performed by both creationist and secular
How Long Could the Human Genome Have
One of the most important finds in recent
years came from modeling the accumulation of
mutations (genetic code errors) in the human
genome over time using computer simulations.
Researchers found that this buildup of
mutations can only reach a certain level
before the genome completely deteriorates
and humans go extinct. This process of
degradation, called genetic entropy,
fits perfectly with a recent creation of six
to ten thousand years ago. . . .
How Long Did It Take for Today's
Diversity of Races to Develop?
These new studies use demographic models of
human populations over known historical time
and geographical space. The resulting data
showed a very recent, massive burst of human
genetic diversification—mostly associated
with genetic entropy. One author stated,
“The maximum likelihood time for accelerated
growth was 5,115 years ago.”5
This places the beginning of the period of
genetic decline close to the Genesis Flood,
when the earth began its repopulation
through Noah’s family and humans rapidly
Decline in Human Life Expectancy
Amazingly, this recent explosion of human
genome variation, mostly associated with
genetic entropy, also fits the same pattern
of human life expectancy rapidly declining
after the Flood as recorded in the Bible. .
How Long Ago Was Animal Life Created?
By comparing [mutation] rates [of
mitochondrial DNA] in a few very different
animals, Dr. Jeanson demonstrated that a
creation of not more than 10,000 years ago
is confirmed by these genetic clocks.
Conclusions Affirm Scripture
The results of these genetic studies fit
perfectly with the predictions of a
young-earth creation timeframe but make no
sense when millions of years are added to
the mix—the clocks simply cannot have been
ticking that long.
In the case of humans, Adam and Eve were
originally created with perfect, error-free
genomes—no mutations present. Then sin
entered the world, and the whole creation
became cursed. The human genome has
essentially been on a downhill slide ever
since. We are not gradually evolving better
genomes. Instead, the recently measured
degradation patterns and rates clearly match
the biblical model and timeframe.
Subtitles added by the compiler of these
Dr. Tompkins then presents a
curved line graph that shows an amazing
correlation between "human genome variation,
mostly associated with genetic entropy" and "the
declining lifespans of Noah and his descendants"
over the generations from the 950-year lifespan
of Noah to today's average lifespan of seventy
years. (9) Once again, science affirms the
The Bible's amazing accuracy in all scientific phenomena
that it touches on must reasonably be recognized as the
signature of God.
Not only is the Bible
accurate in its scientific presuppositions and
but it offers the most plausible explanation in those
matters that are unproven or
unprovable by direct observation. The most glaring
example involves the most
fundamental, central and critical of all scientific
issues: the origin of the universe
and natural life
1. Only Two Possibilities: Evolution or Creation
Dr. Henry Morris says, "lt is
axiomatic that there are only two possible basic models
of the origins of the universe, of the earth, of animate
life, of human life and of all the basic systems of the
cosmos. These are, in simplest terms, evolution or
The two are mutually exclusive, and it must be one or
the other as there is no other possibility. Some
entertain the possibility that the universe existed from
eternity past, but this is an impossibility. The Second
Law of Thermodynamics states that all the energy in the
universe is coming to a place of balance, or rest, as
when the heat from a glass of water flows into a cold
object placed in it. The heat flows until the water and
the object are the same temperature; then, heat flow
from the water into the object ceases. At this moment,
however, energy still moves from location to location in
the universe on both microcosmic and macrocosmic scales
- but if the universe had existed from eternity past,
energy flow would have ceased an eternity ago.
Therefore, the universe could not possibly have existed
from eternity past. lt had to have a beginning, and
"there are only two possible basic models . . . .
evolution or creation."
Nothing has done more since the mid-nineteenth century
to destroy people's faith in the Bible than the
so-called theory of evolution except, perhaps, the
skepticism concerning the Bible itself that arose in
some German seminaries in the middle of the nineteenth
century. (Some German theologians declared that the
Bible was not a divine book at all, but a mere
fabrication of man.) Evolution, propounded by
Charles Darwin in 1865 in regard to the origins of life,
has been extrapolated to include the very origins of the
universe itself. lt holds that, by means of continuing
natural processes unguided by any divine Person, the
universe simply popped into existence from the absolute
vacuum of empty, endless space, and evolved into all of
its present forms, inanimate and animate. These twin
doctrines, born in Hell, have ruined the faith of
hundreds of millions of people and of entire
denominations and nations. Having robbed life of its
Creator, they set the stage for the devaluation of life
and the multiple holocausts that characterized the
twentieth century even unto the murder of a million and
a half unborn babies a year in the United States since
Let us now pick the evolutionary fantasy to pieces and
observe the logic of believing the Bible's creation
the Theory of Evolution
The so-called theory of evolution is no theory at all. There are two methods by which scientists discover facts. One is by strict observation, as is carried out by those who observe wildlife with a minimum of human interference. The other is termed the scientific method, which involves identifying an issue to be resolved, hypothesizing and experimenting. A hypothesis is a reasonably possible explanation for an observed phenomenon. Experiments are formulated and carried out to test a hypothesis. If the results of the experiments support the hypothesis, the hypothesis is elevated to the status of a theory. If further experimentation by other scientists supports the theory, the theory is elevated to the status of a fact.
How does evolution shape up in relation to these procedures and standards? Evolution has never been observed occurring naturally nor has any observation or experiment ever provided any evidence that it has ever occurred at any time. In fact, scientists have run computer simulations of original cosmic conditions and duplicated billions of years of random variations in the hope of proving evolution - and have embarrassingly admitted that all that such computer simulations have generated was CHAOS!
(11) Nevertheless, the vast majority of the educational institutions in the world teach evolution as fact though it has never met the qualifications of a theory and should have been rejected even as a hypothesis many thousands of observations and experiments ago. It is most scientific to call it a fantasy.
Did you know that a single human brain processes more information per given unit of time than all of the computer systems in the world combined? In light of the fact that it took the cumulative efforts of the finest scientific minds until the middle of the twentieth century to invent the electronic calculator - let alone the computer! - do you think that a human could possibly have evolved by the random sloshing about of cosmic mud? But a human is far more than a brain! The human body is composed of over ten billion cells, each of which contains about forty-five internal organs called organelles that function together with greater complexity than a major city, and far more efficiently. The cells, in various specific combinations, compose the body’s tissues which, in turn, form all of the organs in each of the body’s systems: skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, excretory, reproductive (half a system in males, the other half in females,
each perfectly complementary to the other!), all of which work to sustain the whole and perpetuate the race. But a human is more than a body! He or she is alive and thinks and experiences emotions and searches for ultimate answers. The product of matter times movement times time? Unthinkable! The odds against it are infinitesimal beyondimagining.
According to Dr. Scott M. Huse, the chance development of a system composed of 200 integrated parts is 1 in a number written as 2 followed by 270 zeroes, which is 2 followed by 190 zeroes times greater than the number of electrons in the universe (1 followed by 80 zeroes)! (The likelihood of just spelling the word “evolution,” containing a mere nine integrated parts [in this case, alphabet letters] by randomly selecting nine letters from the alphabet is one in 5,429,503,080,000.) “And yet,” says Dr. Huse, “a 200 part system is ridiculously primitive compared with living systems."
(12) Keep in mind that even bacteria qualify as living systems. How preposterous to think that a human could evolve by chance!
Dr. Morris writes,
There is no evidence whatever that evolution is occurring today - that is, true vertical evolution, from some simpler kind to some more complex kind. No one has ever observed a star evolve from hydrogen, life evolve from chemicals, a higher species evolve from a lower species, a man from an ape, or anything else of this sort. Not only has no one ever observed true evolution in
action, no one knows how evolution works, or
even how it might work. . . . No one has ever seen it happen (despite thousands of
experiments that have tried to produce it). . .
There is no evidence at all that
evolution ever took place in the past. . . . All known vertical changes seem to go in the wrong direction. An average of at least one species has become extinct every day since records have been kept, but no new species have evolved during that time. Stars explode, comets and meteors disintegrate, the biosphere deteriorates, and everything eventually dies, so far as all historical observations go, but nothing has ever evolved into higher complexity.
The story is one of extinction, not evolution. .
. . No fossil has ever been found with half
scales/half feathers, half legs/half wings,
half-developed heart, half-developed eye, or any
other such indicator. . . .
If evolution were true, there should be millions of transitional types among these multiplied billions of fossils - in fact, everything should show transitional features: But they do not!
In living organisms, true vertical changes go down, not up
- mutations cause deterioration, individuals die, species
become extinct. In fact, everything in the universe seems to
be headed downhill toward ultimate cosmic death. (13)
Drs. Duane Gish and Richard Bliss write, "Life appears abruptly and in complex forms in the fossil record, and gaps appear systematically in the fossil record between various living kinds."
When I was a boy I was fascinated by portraits of my hunched-over, hairy "missing link" ancestors. I gaped with wonder as I noted family resemblances in Java Ape-Man, Neanderthal Man, Piltdown Man, Heidelberg Man, Nebraska Man, Peking Man and Cro-Magnon Man. But how disappointing! The skeletons or skeletal fragments from which these “men” were constructed all turned out to be either distinctlyhuman or another
completely distinct specie. Not a one was a missing link! Nebraska Man, who played the leading male role in the Scopes Trial of 1925 (which opened American public schools to the teaching of evolution), was eventually found to have been built up - very scientifically, I might add - from the tooth of an extinct pig! One Java Ape-Man was built up from the knee-bone of an extinct elephant! Missing link Lucy, accorded posthumous celebrity status after her discovery in Ethiopia in the 1970's, was probably just an ape. Nothing personal, Ma’am.
That’s Byron Nelson’s conclusion based on computer analyses of the positional relationships between your bones.
“‘The fossil record,’ says Douglas Dewar, a British naturalist and once an ardent evolutionist, 'cannot be regarded as other than a HOSTILE witness against evolution; the earliest known fossils of each class and order are not half-developed but have all the essential characteristics of their class and order."
Consider this poignant confession after a lifetime of labor:
As we look at the main
group of fossil flora, we find there that at
definite intervals they are all at once and
quite suddenly there, in full bloom in all their
manifold forms. Any change is entirely lacking.
This all stands as crass a contradiction to the
evolution theory as could possibly be imagined.
. . . All my investigations have led to
incredible contradictions . . . on account of
which the theory of evolution ought to be
entirely abandoned . . . it is a serious obstruction to biological research. My attempts to demonstrate evolution by experiments carried out for over 40 years have completely failed.
One more consideration: Have you ever considered the concept of devolution, evolution in reverse? If, indeed, viruses can evolve into Einsteins,
why, in all my years of formal and informal study - until I
read the Israel Today article on snake "evolution" - have I never heard of even one scientist who believed that Einsteins can devolve into viruses?!! Apart from that article, have you ever heard or read of even one advocate of devolution in the sense of a complex specie changing into a less complex one? Given that all of nature is in a state of breakdown and decay (the Law of Entropy or the Second Law of Thermodynamics), is not devolutioninfinitely more likely than its heralded opposite? And yet, evolutionary evidence supposedly abounds everywhere!
Renaissance genius Leonardo da Vinci, painter, anatomist, civil engineer and inventor, was a religious skeptic all his life; but in his last days he exclaimed, “This earth, it’s all so perfect! It’s all so perfectly designed! It’s impossible that a single mind didn’t create it, that there’s no plan to it!” One of his last paintings was of a lady pointing upward to a cross.
The evidence is in. Mindless, purposeless, random evolution did not create the complex systems and wonders of the universe. No, the patriarch of your bloodline was not a baboon, nor were you descended from a pond scum (as my high school Biology teacher told me I was) or even something as sophisticated as a mutated fish. It is as the Bible says: In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth (Genesis 1:1). Then the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life;
and man became a living being (Genesis 2:7).
On matters of science that are unobserved or unobservable, the Bible offers the most plausible explanation. Powerful evidence, indeed, that the Bible is the Word of God!
A bright light shone in the ancient Middle East. It was the Law that God gave to Israel through Moses. The light brightened dramatically with the life, atoning death and resurrection of Jesus and the teachings that flowed from his life and lips. This biblical light has been monolithic in its influence around the world for respect for human life in general, for spouses, women, parents, the elderly, children, the poor and strangers. It declares, You shall love your neighbor as yourself (Leviticus 19:18; Matthew 22:39) and even “Love your enemies, and pray for those who persecute you” (Matthew 5:44). It has upheld the beauty and blessing of marriage and the family and has condemned all that would threaten these most wonderful of human relationships.
Brian T. Collidge, opponent of the public display of the Ten Commandments, “concedes that the Commandments reflect universal teachings that are beneficialto a civil society."
(19) Thomas Huxley, nineteenth century agnostic and outspoken defender of Darwin’s theory of evolution, argued for the reading of the Bible in the public schools with these words:
By the study of what
other book could children be so much humanized,
and made to feel that each figure in that vast
historical procession fills, like themselves,
but a momentary space in the interval between
two eternities, and earns the blessings and the
curses of all times, according to its effort to
do good and to hate evil, even as they are also
earning their payment for their work? (20)
Sherwood Wirt, former editor of Billy Graham’s
Decision magazine, wrote of the changes effected throughout the Roman Empire after the conversion of Constantine to Christianity:
Many permanent legal reforms were set in motion by Emperors Constantine (280?-337) and Justinian (483-565) that can be laid to the influence of Christianity. Licentious and cruel sports were checked; new legislation was ordered to protect the slave, the prisoner, the mutilated man, the
outcast woman. Children were granted important
legal rights. Infant exposure was abolished.
Women were raised from a status of degradation
to that of legal protection. Hospitals and
orphanages were created to take care of
foundlings. Personal feuds and private wars were
put under restraint. . . . Branding of slaves was halted."
The specific reforms of Constantine
mentioned by Mr. Wirt were all in keeping with the teachings
of Scripture. In those areas of life and thought in which
Constantine properly applied the Bible’s teaching he wrought
tremendous good, confirming the wholesomeness of the Bible's
teachings and providing more evidence for its divine origin.
On the other hand, in certain other matters, Constantine
established policies and set precedents that contradicted
the Bible’s teachings and wrought harm even to this day. One
example is his official references to the Jews as "a nefarious sect"
(22)and other such epithets spoken in conjunction with exhortations to ostracize them. Such actions by Constantine fueled the fire set by many before him for the incessant and virulent persecution of the Jews, and demonstrates the great evil that follows when biblical exhortations and examples are transgressed.This, too, in a roundabout way, provides evidence of the Bible's divine origin!
In the Middle Ages, it was the Bible that inspired Christians to establish hospitals and universities, the latter of which were established for the propagation of the gospel and Christian service. It is because God intended the Bible to be read and practiced by all people everywhere that believers have been motivated to promote literacy and education in the farthest reaches of the earth. It is the Bible that motivated Christians to fight for the abolition of slavery in England and the United States and, in our present day, some Muslim and other nations. Martin Luther King, leader in the fight for civil liberties in the 1950's and ‘60's, continually appealed to the God of the Bible as his source of direction and strength.
What magnitude of change can the Bible bring to a people? In 1876, Mary Slessor left Scotland to bring the Word of God to the interior of Nigeria, where lived four million cannibals.
Witchcraft and drunkenness were rampant. The savages worshiped fetishes; they
murdered twins; they turned the mother of twins
out into the jungle to be devoured by beasts
because they believed twins were brought about
by a conjunction with a demon. Almost half of
the population were slaves. When a man died,
they would eat fifty slaves; twenty-five more
would have their hands tied behind them and
their heads would be whacked off. Unmarried
women were chattel. They could be raped,
tortured, or murdered at will. . . . Children were considered no better than animals, often simply left to die.
Mary’s heart was touched by the plight of twins
always left to die or ground to pieces in a pot.
She would snatch them up and take them in. . . .
One after another the chiefs of the various tribes yielded their lives to Christ. One after another the tremendously horrible customs plaguing these people for years were abolished; the murder of twins, infanticide, the slaughter of wives and slaves, the trial by poison and boiling oil, and all other terrible customs.
Through her ministry, thousands from the Ibo tribe became Christians and abandoned their degrading ways.
To what depth can a nation sink when the Bible’s influence is removed? In a Breakpoint radio byte, Chuck Colson quoted South African Anglican Bishop Desmond Tutu as saying, “Africa is bleeding.” In the same context Bishop Tutu said, “The awful truth is that in Africa there was far greater freedom in the colonial days than there is now.” Alluding to historian Paul Johnson’s authority on the subject, Colson went on to say,
The colonial days were not perfect by any means. Yet the colonial powers were Christian in culture, if not in personal belief. And wherever the colonial powers went, around the globe, they brought with them basic principles derived from biblical faith: things like the rule of law, individual responsibility, political freedom, care for the weak, respect for learning.
Colson pointed out that Uganda, which had been “Christianized by Anglican and Catholic missionaries” was not long ago considered “the most delightful country in all of Africa,” but after it threw off colonial rule it fell victim to [Muslim] military dictator Idi Amin “who choked the rivers of Uganda with his victims.” He also spoke of Ethiopia, a Christian country from ancient times until its Christian leader, Haile Selassie, was assassinated in 1974. It then fell victim to a Marxist regime and has, since that time, been stricken with famine, civil war and wars with its neighbors.
U.S. Supreme Court Justice Joseph Story, wrote, in his Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States (1883),
The promulgation of the great doctrines of religion, the being, the attributes, and providence of one Almighty God; the responsibility to him for all our actions, founded on moral freedom and accountability; a future state of rewards and punishments; the cultivation of all the personal, social, and benevolent virtues; these can never be a matter of indifference in any well ordered community. It is, indeed, difficult to conceive, how any civilized society can well exist without them.
The world would be far more wicked than it is now were it not for the Bible. I’ve heard more than one well-traveled missionary say how much more respect there isfor life and how much more livable life is in those countries in which the Bible’s influence is the strongest. Certainly, the immeasurable beneficial effect that the Bible has had on the nations of the world is powerful evidence of its divine origin.
It is impossible, of course, for nations to be changed without individual lives being changed. Living conditions for the Ibo could not have changed were it not for the radically changed lives of many individual Ibo.
The message of the Bible has changed lives wherever it has gone. John Newton (1725-1807) earned his living on a slave ship. During a storm, he cried out to God for protection. His survival marked the beginning of his conversion. Several years later, because of his Christian convictions, he abandoned the slave trade and eventually became pastor to William Wilberforce who led the fight in the British Parliament against the slave trade. Newton wrote a hymn that contained the following words:
"Amazing grace! How sweet the sound that saved a wretch like me! I once was lost, but now am found, was blind, but now I see!"
Chuck Colson, whose underhanded activities as President Nixon’s “hatchet man” landed him in jail, was subsequently touched by the Bible’s message of salvation through Jesus Christ. He now spends his life ministering to all aspects of prisoners’ needs and speaking out against injustices and atrocities and destructive philosophies and policies of governments and societies.
The power of the Bible’s message to convert lives from evil to good is further evidence that the Bible is the Word of God.
One would think that if the Bible were authored by God it would be a superlative literary work. Indeed it is. The Bible contains at least eight different literary forms: historical narratives, biographies, letters, sermons, proverbs, drama, poetry, psalms. Its stories have become ingrained in Western thinking: the Creation, the Garden of Eden, Noah’s Ark, the Tower of Babel, the Exodus, the Giving of the Law at Sinai, David and Goliath, Jonah and the “Whale,” the Christmas and Easter stories, the Sermon on the Mount, the Feeding of the Five Thousand. The 23rd Psalm is universally acclaimed for its lyrical, pastoral beauty; the Beatitudes for its gentle, poetic cadences. Yearning for adventure on the high seas? The gripping account of the shipwreck in the Acts 27 has been touted as the most realistic rendering of a shipwreck in all literature. Dying for apocalyptic drama? Read the Revelation; then find, if you can, a more captivating or intriguing tour de force.
Where can you find a more intriguing plot? God, in the presence of the holy angels, creates a magnificent universe, forms man of the dust of the ground and breathes into his nostrils the breath of life. The man sins, the earth and the universe become cursed and the human race becomes separated from God. God, who justifiably could have wiped out the human race, sets in motion a rescue plan that involves the virgin birth of His Son, His Son’s living a sinless life, dying for the sins of the world, being resurrected, setting all things in the spiritual and material universe in order and presenting to His Father a perfected universe crowned by the church in all her glory, having no spot or wrinkle or any such thing; but
. . . holy and blameless (Ephesians 5:27) which, with the saved of all ages, will live in the presence of the holy angels and the Triune God forever. Search all literature and let me know if you find a more original and thrilling and wonderful plot at the end of which the reader is lifted to join in such a gleeful chorus of never-ending Hallelujahs!
No other book comes close to the Bible in literary quality! It is the kind of masterpiece that one would expect from the Master Creator of the endless wonders of the universe, Himself.
If God were to write a book, one would expect that its theme would be so lofty and its artistry so consummate that it would inspire copious amounts of the world’s most wonderful works of art. The Bible has done just that.
The great cathedrals of Europe lift their spires in expressions of heavenly adoration and aspiration. The Last Supper of Da Vinci; the great paintings of Michelangelo on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome, and his great sculptures - the Pieta (the body of the deceased Jesus draped across His mother’s lap), the Moses, the David - all were inspired by the Bible. The inspiration for the Praying Hands so often seen on wall plaques and greeting cards and in magazine articles, came to Albrecht Durer (1471-1528) as he beheld a friend in prayer. The
Messiah, by George Frederic Handel (1685-1759), perhaps the most wonderful of all musical compositions, was written in less than twenty-five days during which Handel felt he was under the inspiration of God. The manuscripts of Johann Sebastian Bach (1686-1750), contain copious inscriptions which reveal the source of his inspiration: “S.D.G.,” Soli Deo Gloria: “Solely to the Glory of God;” “J.J.,” Jesu Juban: “Help me, Jesus;” “I.N.J.,” In Nomine Jesu: “In the Name of Jesus.” According to Dr. James Kennedy, “[Bach] told his pupils that unless they committed their talents to the Lord Jesus Christ, they would never be great musicians, for music, according to Bach, was an act of worship."
(26) The Pilgrim’s Progress is among the world’s great literary masterpieces. Written by John Bunyan during his imprisonment for his faith, it contains wonderful allegories of the Christian walk and of the pitfalls of which Christians must beware. Next to the Bible, more copies of
The Pilgrim’s Progress have been printed than any other book. Among the most inspiring of Hollywood productions are stories taken from, or inspired by, the Bible:
The Ten Commandments, Ben-Hur, Chariots of Fire.
What other book, or any other medium of communication for that matter, has inspired so many wonderful works of art? None. No other book comes even close. This fact constitutes even more evidence that the writing of the books of the Bible was initiated and divinely controlled by the God of the Bible, the Creator of the endless natural wonders of the universe, which themselves inspire breathtaking works of art.
If God wrote the Bible for the enlightenment of all people for all time, one would think that He would preserve it
- and preserve it He did. As far as we know, He did not preserve the original autographs. (If He did, He has not yet revealed where they may be found.) Nevertheless, many times more early manuscripts of the Scriptures have been preserved than the manuscripts of any other ancient document.
1. The Preservation of the Books a. The Preservation of the Old Testament Books It can be inferred from the Bible that Adam was not a grunting, troglodytic knuckle-walker. He was an intelligent man who spoke in a fully developed language, conversed with God and named the animals. Adam and some of his descendents wrote much of what was later to be included in the Book of Genesis. In Genesis 2:4, we see the phrase,
These are the generations of . . . . (KJV, ASV) This phrase is also found in Genesis 5:1; 6:9; 10:1; 11:10,27; 25:19; 36:1,9; 37:2.
In all except Genesis 2:4, the name of a specific patriarch is attached. Parallels with the terminology of ancient Babylonian tablets indicate that these names are actually the signatures of the original writers of the particular tablets. That is, each of these primeval patriarchs kept the narrative records of his own generations, inscribing them on stone or clay tablets and then appending his name at the end when he was ready to turn over the tablets and the task of writing the toledoth (Hebrew. these are the generations of) to the next in line.
In Genesis 5:1, we read, This is the book of the generations of Adam, indicating that Adam wrote the second half of Genesis 2:4 through the first half of 5:1, and similarly with the other sections. These tablets eventually came into the possession of Moses, who included them in the book we call Genesis.
Despite its history of loss due to Israel’s disobedience to God, God preserved His Scriptures intact and repeatedly returned them to His people. (For examples, see 1 Samuel 6:21-27:1 and 2 Kings 22:8.) As late as the fifth century B.C. we read, in Nehemiah 8:8, that Ezra and his assistants read from the book, from the law of God .
. . . Dr. Morris writes, The book of the law of Moses
(Joshua 8:31; 23:6; 2 kings 14:6; Nehemiah 8:1) undoubtedly included all the Pentateuch, and possibly is used here generically for all the Scriptures which had been received by this time. Ezra is generally believed to be largely responsible for organizing the canon of the Old Testament Scriptures.
So, we see that the Law of Moses, which contained even the writings of Adam, was intact and in the possession of God’s people in 444 B.C. By the time of Ezra or thereabouts, the entire Old Testament had been written and compiled.
In about 335 B.C., Alexander of Macedon gained control over Syria and Israel. Upon his death in 323, four of his generals divided his vast empire among themselves. Syria and Israel fell under the rule of the Seleucids. In 167 B.C., Seleucid king Antiochus Epiphanes invaded Jerusalem with the purpose of crushing all vestiges of the worship of Yahweh. Among his measures were the forbidding of the reading of the Law and the ordering of all scrolls of the Law to be confiscated and burned. Compliance was mandatory upon pain of death - but God did not allow His Scriptures to be destroyed. He raised up the Maccabees, a Hebrew family, to lead a revolt against Antiochus. In 164 B.C., against overwhelming odds, the ragtag Jewish army defeated two of Epiphanes’ armies and drove them out of Jerusalem, for which Jews celebrate
Hannukah. Not a bad holiday for Christians to celebrate also: God’s Book remained intact!
b. The Preservation of the New Testament Books and the Entire Bible No ancient classic has nearly as much manuscript representation as does the New Testament. According to the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, ten or fifteen ancient manuscripts of a classic are generally considered a goodrepresentation, but “The manuscripts of whole or parts of the New Testament are reckoned by thousands, the oldest fragment going back to ca. A.D. 150, and several papyri dating from about 200."
No book in history has come under attack like the Bible, yet God has preserved His Book for all who would read it.
In 303 A.D., Roman Emperor Diocletian demanded that all
sacred books be burned, and declared, “The Christian
religion is destroyed and the worship of the gods
restored.” However, it was Diocletian’s attack on the
Bible that led to the compilation of the twenty-seven
books of the New Testament. (30)
To turn the tables even more, Emperor Constantine became a professing Christian. Subsequently, in his Edict of Toleration (313 A.D.), Constantine granted freedom of religion throughout his vast Roman Empire. He favored and supported Christians and Christian works in many ways, including the exhorting (in 325 A.D.) of all his subjects to become Christians - and the orderingof the production of fifty Bibles for the churches of Constantinople.
In the eighteenth century, French philosopher Voltaire declared, “Fifty years from now the world will hear no more about the Bible.” Exactly fifty years later, the Geneva Bible Society bought the very press that Voltaire used to publish such statements, and used it for the printing of Bibles.
In the twentieth century, Richard Wurmbrand was imprisoned for fourteen years for preaching and teaching the Word of God. Today, the organization that he founded, Voice of the Martyrs, uses one of the Rumanian prisons in which he was incarcerated under the Ceausescu regime as a warehouse for the Bibles and related literature that they print and distribute.
The Soviet Union, the world’s only officially atheistic empire in all of history, collapsed in 1989 from internal decay. Subsequently, its master nation, Russia, opened its floodgates to the influx of millions of Bibles and thousands of Bible teachers.
Communist China ruthlessly suppresses its vast number of unregistered (and therefore uncontrolled by the government) churches; but the more the underground church is persecuted the more it explodes in numbers; and millions of Bibles, contraband if not printed and distributed by the government,are printed inside and outside of China, distributed within China and treasured above all possessions by millions of Chinese.
Much persecution has accompanied the translation, production and distribution of the Bible in many of the world’s languages, including English, the language in which most of the Bibles of the world are now translated. Virulent attacks against the Bible have been launched in full force in Muslim, Hindu and Buddhist countries. All have failed! God has been guarding His Word. No one will ever bring it down!
This monumental work was begun around the 6th century AD and completed in the 10th century by scholars [known as Masoretes] at Talmudic academies in Babylonia and Palestine, in an effort to
reproduce, as far as possible, the original text
of the Hebrew Old Testament. Their intention was
not to interpret the meaning of the Scriptures
but to transmit to future generations the
authentic Word of God. To this end they gathered
manuscripts and whatever oral traditions were
available to them. . . . The rigorous care given the Masoretic text in its preparation is credited for the remarkable consistency found in Old Testament Hebrew texts since that time. The Masoretic work enjoyed an absolute monopoly for 600 years, and experts have been astonished at the fidelity of the earliest printed version [late 15th century] to the earliest surviving codices [late 9th century]. The Masoretic text is universally accepted as the authentic Hebrew Bible.
From about 500 A.D. until the present, the standard Hebrew text of the Old Testament has been perfectly preserved; but after 1947, the faithfulness of the Masoretic Text to much earlier Old Testament
texts was put to the test. In 1947,about five hundred scrolls dating from about 125 B.C. to 100 A.D. were found in a cave near the Dead Sea. Of these, about 175 were biblical, containing several copies of many of the books of the Old Testament and sections or fragments of others. All Old Testament books were represented except the Book of Esther.
These Dead Sea Scrolls were written, on the average, a thousand years nearer the time of the original autographs than the final Masoretic Text. Naturally, scholars expect older texts to reflect the original autographs more faithfully than later texts. Among the Dead Sea scrolls was a scroll of Isaiah from 125 B.C., 1125 years nearer the original than the final Masoretic Isaiah. Astoundingly, a comparison of the Dead Sea and Masoretic Isaiahs revealed virtually no difference between the two. In speaking of the biblical Dead Sea Scrolls and the Masoretic
Text overall, Dr. Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum writes, “Where
there is a variation, there is absolutely no change of
meaning. For example, one scroll may say, ‘he went to
Jerusalem.’ The other scroll may say, ‘he went unto
Jerusalem.’ . . . so the text has remained intact."
It is reasonable to conclude that, if God preserved the integrity of the Old Testament for the last two thousand years, He preserved it from the time of the original autographs.
b. The Preservation of the Accuracy of the New Testament As concerns the New Testament, over 20,000 hand-copied manuscripts of the Greek text are in existence.
(34) According to Dr. Fruchtenbaum, “by virtue of these many Greek texts it is possible to determine what the original Greek New Testament was."
You have been born again not of seed which is
perishable but imperishable, that is, through
the living and abiding word of God. For, "All
flesh is as grass, and all of its glory like the
flower of grass. The grass withers, and the
flower falls off, but the word of our God abides
forever (Isaiah 40:6,8)."And this is the word which was preached to you.
~ 1 Peter 1:23-25 ~
Peter addressed this letter to Jewish believers (1 Peter 1:1, 2:12) to whom the Word of God and the Word of the Lord referred not only to specific messages that God spoke or revealed to individual prophets, but to the entire body of Hebrew Scripture.
God promised through Peter that His Bible, whether written on tablets of clay or stone or parchment or paper or
digital media or in the glorified memories of the saints in the eternal ages, will always be preserved forever!
Amazingly, despite attempts to destroy them, all sixty-six books of the Bible have been preserved, and their faithfulness to the original writings has been confirmed to a far greater degree than has any other book of antiquity. Sir Isaac Newton said, “There are more sure marks of authenticity in the Bible than in any profane history."
It’s as if the Bible enjoys supernatural protection. Yes, the preservation of the sixty-six books and of their accuracy is even further evidence that the writing of the Bible was inspired - initiated and superintended - by God.
The preservation of Jewish national identity is powerful evidence of the Bible’s divine authorship. Consider this assessment by David Egner of The Radio Bible Class:
By all reckoning, the
Jews should have died out long ago. Their
survival as a distinct people is a miracle of
history. . . .
You cannot talk to a Babylonian today, nor a Hittite. You will not meet a Moabite or a Phoenician on the street. But you can converse with a Jew.
By every measuring stick of history there should not be even one identifiable Jew alive today. For 4,000 years they have endured unbelievable hardships: exile from their land more than 60 per cent of the time; organized efforts to destroy them; the crumbling of the civilizations in which they sought refuge; the sophisticated brutality of the 20th century. Yet the Jews are alive and flourishing. They survive every effort to destroy them.
How is it that they survive every effort to destroy them? Let’s look to the latter half of the New Covenant:
Thus says the LORD, who gives the sun for light by day, and the fixed order of the moon and the stars for light by night, who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar; the LORD of hosts is His name: If this fixed order departs from before me, declares the LORD, then the offspring of Israel also shall cease from being a nation before me forever. Thus says the LORD, If the heavens above can be measured, and the foundations of the earth searched out below, then I will also cast off all the offspring of Israel for all that they have done, declares the LORD.
Jeremiah 31:35-37 ~
For I, the LORD, do not change; therefore you, o sons of Jacob, are not consumed (Malachi 3:6).
These Scriptures, written in 597 B.C. and 397 B.C., respectively, purport that God declared that He would preserve Jewish national identity for as long as there are sun, moon and stars and until the universe is fully measured and the foundationsof the earth fully searched out. Despite the repeated fury of Satan and the nations to destroy the Jews, there are still 13,000,000 of them alive and identifiable today, 2400 and 2600 years after these passages were written.
Were these purported declarations by God the hallucinations of heat struck Hebrew holy men - or were they the Words of God? Look to history - and decide.
Perhaps the most amazing phenomenon in the Bible is its containment of hundreds of detailed prophesies that have come to fulfillment - in detail: prophecies as broad as the blueprint of history and as focused as the details of Messiah’s life and crucifixion; prophecies of the destruction of specific nations, of the endurance of others, of the scattering and gathering of Israel and of political and military alliances in the distant future.
1. The Blueprint of History In about 601 B.C., an amazing dream was given to Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon, and its interpretation to his Hebrew advisor, Daniel (Daniel 2:1-45). The dream and its interpretation revealed the succession of the world empires central to Bible and world history and prophecy: Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, Rome, the split of Rome into eastern and western divisions, and an empire consisting of ten kingdoms which will, in turn, be crushed and replaced by a kingdom which
the God of heaven will set up . . . which will never be destroyed (v. 44). The first five of these elements have already come to pass in world history! 2. The Fate of Nations
Around 850 B.C., Obadiah prophesied the destruction of the then mighty Edomite nation (southeast of the Dead Sea), saying,
There will be no survivor of the house of Esau
(Obadiah 1:18). Between 450 and 400 B.C., God declared through the prophet Malachi, I have made [Esau’s] mountains a desolation (Malachi 1:1-3). Today there are no known surviving Edomites.
In about 625 B.C., God declared through Zephaniah, O Canaan, land of the Philistines;
. . . I will destroy you, so that there will be no inhabitant (Zephaniah 2:5). Today the Philistines are gone without a trace.
In Deuteronomy 28, written about 1400 B.C., Moses declared that if Israel will not obey the LORD,
The LORD will scatter you among all peoples, from one end of the earth to the other end of the earth (v. 64). In 135 A.D., Israel was crushed by Rome and scattered to the four corners of the earth.
About 600 B.C., God declared,
“As I live,” declares the Lord GOD, “surely with a mighty hand and with an outstretched arm and with wrath poured out, I shall be king over you.
I will bring you from the peoples and gather you from the lands where you are scattered.”
Ezekiel 20:33-34 ~
735 years before Israel’s most profound scattering (by the Romans, in 135 A.D.) God declared that He wouldgather her. Has this prophecy of the gathering of Israel yet been fulfilled? Yes. Its milestone was the year 1948, when Israel became a modern nation.
2,540 years after Ezekiel’s prophecy, 1800 years after being scattered from their homeland and immediately following Satan’s greatest effort to annihilate them (1939-1945), God gathers them! Compound the odds against this gathering of Jews to their national homeland with the odds against Jewish survival, as described above; then consider whether these Biblical declarations were the creative inventions of men - or revelations of future history declared by God.
They have said, "Come, and let us wipe them out
as a nation, That the name of Israel be
remembered no more." 5. For they have conspired
together with one mind; Against You they make a
covenant: 6. The tents of Edom and the
Ishmaelites, Moab and the Hagrites; 7. Gebal and
Ammon and Amalek, Philistia with the inhabitants
of Tyre; 8. Assyria also has joined with them;
They have become a help to the children of Lot.
Psalm 83:4-8 ~
Dr. Fruchtenbaum writes,
Edom is in southern Jordan; Ishmael was the father of one segment of the Arab world; Moab is in central Jordan; the Hagarenes
were from Egypt. . . . Gebal is up in Lebanon; Ammon is in northern Jordan; Amalek was in the Sinai Peninsula; Philistia is in the Gaza Strip; Tyre
is up in Lebanon. . . . Assyria comprises all of what is today Iraq and quite a bit of Syria. [Lot was the father of Ammon and Moab.]
The only time in history that all these nations listed in these verses combined themselves together against Israel has been only since 1948. This was never true in ancient history. Only since 1948 the surrounding Arab states which comprises these names have bound themselves together against Israel. This has been especially true since the Six Day War  when one Arab leader after another clearly stated that the only way of gaining peace in the Middle East is for the total annihilation of Israel as a nation.
Psalm 83 was written about three thousand years ago. What are the odds that the psalmist Asaph could have guessed that the above nations - all ten of them - would covenant against Israel? Some skeptics argue that
what the Bible purports to be prophesies were written after the fact. What are the odds that some clever people stuck these verses in Psalm 83 since 1948?
There are at least forty-eight prophecies in the Old Testament about Messiah. These include where he would be born (Mic. 5:2), how he would die (Isa. 53), when he would die (Dan. 9), that he would rise from the dead (Psa. 16), etc. The odds that 48 of these prophecies were fulfilled in one man are about 1/10157. That’s right, a 1 with 157 zeroes after it.
Winkey Pratney, trained as a research chemist, attempts to give us an idea of how infinitesimal these odds are:
We’ll take a very small object, let’s say an electron. (Electrons are so small that if you lined them up, it would take 2 ½ quadrillion of them to equal one inch.) Now let’s go back to our figure of 10157. If you tried to put this many electrons into a big pile, it would be 10,000,000,000 times larger than the universe as we know it - which scientists calculate to be 6,000,000,000 light-years across. [A light-year is the distance that light travels in one year, moving at the speed of 186,000 miles per second.]
Now, take just one electron out and color it
red. Stir it back into this pile for a hundred
thousand years with all the others. Then
blindfold a man and send him in to pick it out -
first time! Impossible? These would be the same
odds that one man would live and die according
to only 48 of the prophecies about the Messiah,
if it were only an accident. (40)
The Bible, alone among books, contains hundreds of detailed prophesies that have already been fulfilled in every detail. Who, but God, could possibly author such a book?
Choice tidbits of evidence keep coming to my attention. I'll place the choicest of them here.
Evolutionist Objection: In the Bible, Light was
Created Before the Sun Was
According to Genesis 1:3,14-16, God created light on the
second day and the sun on the fourth.
In an article entitled, The Light from the Sun,
Dr. Henry Morris, Ph.D. of the Institute of Creation
One of the traditional “discrepancies”
attributed by the skeptics to the Genesis
account of creation is the fact that there was
“light” (Hebrew or) on the first day of the
creation week, whereas God did not create the
“lights” (Hebrew ma-or) to rule the day and the
night until the fourth day.
However, it is interesting that modern
evolutionary cosmologists find no problem in
having light before the sun. According to their
speculative reconstruction of cosmic history,
light energy was produced in the imaginary “Big
Bang” 15 billion years ago, whereas the sun
“evolved” only five billion years ago. Thus,
even in their attempts to destroy the divine
revelation of Genesis, they inadvertently find
it necessary to return to its concepts.
~ Morris, H. Ph.D./Institute of Creation
Research (2015). The Light from the Sun.
Retrieved from https://www.icr.org/article/8582/
The Bible claims it is the Word of God, stands alone in its uniqueness, is consistent in its central theme and continuous in its development over a period of 1600 years, contains no contradiction, does not contradict the proven facts of science, offers the most plausible explanations in matters of science that are unobserved or unobservable, has profoundly influenced the world for good, has profoundly changed individual lives for the good, is a literary masterpiece in a class of its own, has inspired many of the world’s greatest works of art, has been preserved physically and in accuracy since its first words were written, has promised the preservation of the Jew and has declared hundreds of prophecies that have been fulfilled in detail.
In consideration of all this evidence, how can one still doubt the divine authorship of the Scriptures? We confidently board jet planes with infinitely smaller odds that they will land safely than the odds in favor of the Bible’s having been authored by God.
Dr. Lewis Sperry Chafer, founder of Dallas Theological Seminary and author of an eight volume standard work in systematic theology,said, “The Bible is not a book that a man could write if he would, nor is the Bible a book man would write if he could."
(41) William E. Gladstone said, “I have known ninety-five of
the world’s great men in my time, and of these eighty-seven
were followers of the Bible. The Bible is stamped with a
Specialty of Origin, and an immeasurable distance separates
it from all competitors." (42)
It is reasonable to conclude with absolute certainty that the Bible was written by men under the perfect superintendence of God.
It is more than reasonable to study a book authored by our loving Creator. We might just learn something. The Bible, written by God through the hands of men, is a reflection of Jesus, who Himself is both divine and human. Wouldn’t you like to get to know Jesus the Messiah?
The chief message of the Bible is one of ultimate hope for all that the human heart could possibly long for. It is a message which, when embraced, brings the forgiveness of sins, an eternal infusion of new life from God that fills us with joy and transforms our attitudes and actions to be more godly ones, and the assurance of a most wonderful and blessed eternity in the presence of God forever. This is the message: that God loved us so much that he sent His Son, Yeshua HaMashiach (Hebrew for Jesus the Messiah or Christ), to die in our place for our sins so that He might forgive us of our sins and, as He raised His Son from the dead, raise us from the death of sin’s power and guilt to live a new life in His embrace forever.
Do you believe? Please pause and answer! If you do, then you, too, have already risen from the death of your old life into new, blessed life in Him. Thank Him. He deserves your praise forever.
Since the God of the Bible is a loving God, it behooves us to change our thinking and ways to conform to His. It should surprise no one that God’s values and priorities differ from the values and priorities of those who don’t know Him. Even among the nations of the world values and priorities differ tremendously. Which values are to be embraced: the values of one’s own culture? Those of another? What makes one set of values superior to another? Nothing - were it not for the fact that there is an absolute standard: the values and priorities held eternally by God and found in His holy Book! These are the values that the believer - indeed, everyone on the planet - ought to embrace. Embrace them to bless and be blessed.
May God bless you forever in His Word, Norman Manzon
Scriptures chosen by the author are in
the New American Standard version unless
otherwise noted. Scriptures in quotes by
others may be in different translations.
Names, titles and other terms within
quoted scriptures and elsewhere may have
been changed from the English to the
Hebrew form for the sake of cultural
4. Unger, Dr. Merrill F., Unger’s
Bible Handbook, The Moody Bible
Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois,
1966, p. 52.
5. Halley, Henry H., Halley's Bible Handbook,
Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1959, pp.160-161.
6. Morris, Dr. Henry M., op.cit., pp. 1523-1525.
7. The New Strong's Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible.
8. Morris, Dr. Henry M., op.cit., p. 1407.
9. Tomkins, Ph.D./Institute of Creation Research,J.P. (2015). Genetic Entropy
Points to a Young Creation. Retrieved from
10. Morris, Dr. Henry M., op. cit., p.1496.
11. Pratney, Winkey, "Creation or Evolution? Part II - The Historical Record," Pretty Good Printing, Last Days Ministries, Lindale, TX., 1984, p. 4. 12. Huse, Dr. Scott M., The Collapse of Evolution, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1983, p. 67-68. 13. Morris, Dr. Henry M., op. cit., pp. 1496-1497. 14. Gish, Dr. Duane T., and Bliss, Dr. Richard B., Impact, Nos. 95-96 - "Summary of Scientific Evidence for Creation," Institute for Creation Research, El Cajon, California, 1981, p. iii. 15. Huse, Dr. Scott M., The Collapse of Evolution, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1983, pp. 96-103; and Nelson, Byron, After its Kind, Bethany House, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 1967, pp. 126-138. 16. Why We Believe in Creation, p. 312, quoted by Pratney, Winkey in "Creation or Evolution? Part III - The Fossil Record," Pretty Good Printing, Last Days Ministries, Lindale, TX., 1984 p. 1. 17. Nilsson, Dr. Herbert, University of Lund, Sweden, quoted by Pratney, Winkey, Ibid., p.1. 18. "The Life of Leonardo da Vinci, Part V." Questar Video, Inc., Chicago, Illinois 60611. 19. Moore, Roy S. “Putting God Back in the Public Square.” Imprimis Magazine, Hillsdale College, Hillsdale, Michigan 49242, September (?) 1999.
20. Ibid. (?) 21. Wirt, Sherwood, The Social Conscience of the Evangelical, quoted in Kennedy, D. James, What if Jesus Had Never Been Born, Thomas Nelson Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee, 1994, p. 13.
22 Egner, David C., Those Irrepressible Jews!, Radio Bible Class, Grand Rapids, Michigan 1983, p. 50. 23. Kennedy, D. James, op. cit., pp. 168. 24. "Breakpoint" with Chuck Colson, December 29, 1995. 25. Moore, Roy S. op. cit. 26. Kennedy, D. James, op. cit., p. 186. 27. Morris, Dr. Henry M., op. cit., , p. 9. 28. Morris, Dr. Henry M., op. cit., p. 546. 29. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, 1973, v. 1, p. 492.
30. Enns, Dr. Paul P. The Moody Handbook of Theology, Moody Press, Chicago, Illinois, 1989, p.171. 31. Halley, Henry H., op. cit., pp. 759-760. 32. Encyclopedia Britannica CD, 1999, “Masoretic Text.” 33. Fruchtenbaum, Dr. Arnold G., Radio Manuscript 30: The Nature of the Bible, Ariel Ministries, Tustin, California, 1983, p. 5. 34. Morris, Dr. Henry M., op. cit., p. 1989. 35. Fruchtenbaum, Dr. Arnold G., op. cit., p. 5. 36. Halley, Henry H., op. cit., p. 19. 37. Egner, David C. op. cit., back cover. 38. Fruchtenbaum, Dr. Arnold G., Radio Manuscript 8: Arab States in Prophesy, Ariel Ministries, Tustin, California, 1983, pp. 7-8. 39. Geisler, Norman L. and Brooks, Ronald M., Come, Let us Reason, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1990, p. 145.
40. Pratney, Winkey, "The Holy Bible - Wholly True," Pretty Good Printing, Last Days Ministries, Lindale, TX., 1985. 41. Chafer, Dr. Louis, quoted by Fruchtenbaum, Dr. Arnold G., Radio Manuscript 30: The Nature of the Bible, Ariel Ministries, Tustin, California, 1983, p. 8. 42. Halley, Henry H., op. cit., p. 18.