Messianic Kingdom is part of an extended series of studies in
support of the We Believe statement of The Association of Messianic
Congregations. Much groundwork for this present study has been laid in
the four prior studies of the series, links to which are located below
the title above. Please consider whether it might be beneficial for you to review them so that
the present study might be more fully understood
in its historical
and other contexts. For an even firmer foundation, the
following studies by the author might likewise be reviewed:
The Destinies of the Dead,
The Great Tribulation and
The Second Coming of
Jesus Christ. Much of what has been
examined in these studies will be touched on here, but not treated as fully
It is of utmost importance to realize that the prophesied Kingdom is a literal,
earthly Kingdom in which Jesus will reign bodily as king over
Israel and the world. A polemic in support of this is presented in section IV of
The Messianic Kingdom - Part 1: Introduction.
Also, as previously mentioned,
a compilation of the Bible's passages concerning the Kingdom would
constitute a book. It must therefore be recognized that what is
herein presented is, of necessity, a much abbreviated outline and
As in previous
studies, we will begin with a restatement
of those declarations in the AMC's We Believe statement that
have relevance to the Kingdom.
Part 2: God the Son
We believe that God the Son
became flesh in the person of Yeshua of Nazareth, the promised
Israel, who was conceived of the Spirit of God and born of the
Jewish virgin, Miriam (Mary). We believe in His full deity and
humanity, His sinless life, and His miracles. We believe that
Messiah Yeshua arose from the dead bodily, ascended into heaven,
seated at the right hand of the Father, making intercession for
believers. He will come again in glory establishing His literal
kingdom on earth. (Isaiah 9:6,7; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Micah 5:2;
We believe Israel is God's special people, distinct from the
body of Messiah, chosen by Him to be a holy nation and a kingdom
The election of Israel is irrevocable. . . . We believe the Abrahamic Covenant is an irrevocable,
covenant God made with Jewish people. This covenant provides
title to the land of Israel for the Jewish people and promises a
(the Messiah) who would come to redeem Israel and bless the
entire world. The spiritual blessings of the Abrahamic Covenant
overflow to all
the nations. God will ultimately fulfill every aspect of the
covenant in the Messianic Kingdom, both physical and spiritual.
. . . (Genesis 12:1-3, 15:1-21; Romans
believe in the personal, bodily, visible, and pre-millennial
return of the Lord Yeshua. At that time He will lift the
corruption which now rests upon the whole of creation, totally
restore Israel to her own land, give her the realization of
God's covenanted promises and bring the whole world to the
knowledge of God. We believe in the bodily resurrection of all
men. . . . (Daniel 9:24-27; Matthew 24:30; Acts 1:11;
Romans 8:19-23; 11:25-27; Titus 2:13)
In this study, we will focus on
three facets of Israel's blessedness in the Kingdom, and then
conclude with the
significance of their blessedness for the rest of humanity; but before we do, we will
review key aspects of the Kingdom that have bearing upon
Israel or that speak of Israel directly.
By the end of the Great
Tribulation and the seventy-five day interval between the
Tribulation and the Kingdom, the Lord will have utterly destroyed
the evil world system and purged the earth of all unbelievers,
including the armies of Antichrist which will seek to destroy
Israel. Having done this, the Lord will renovate the Earth, making
it a beautiful, edenic, safe place in which to live. However, the
Kingdom will not be perfect because certain aspects of the
Adamic curse will continue, most significantly, the continuation of
the sin nature in those with mortal bodies, and death for many, and
perhaps all of them. Also, many who will be born into the Kingdom
will reject the salvation and Lordship of Jesus. Further, Edom and
Babylon will be cursed to become utterly desolate habitations of
the planet as a whole will be edenic compared to the way it is
The Kingdom environment will be
characterized by divine presence. The Lord Jesus will
reign supreme over the nations from His throne in Jerusalem, and the
Holy Spirit will fill the earth with the splendor of
the Lord's glory. No false religion, philosophy or occult
practice will be allowed to flourish, and
the earth will be full of the
knowledge of the LORD as the waters cover the sea
(Isaiah 11:9; Habakkuk 2:14).
All who enter the Kingdom,
whether as "walk-ins" from the Great Tribulation (saved
Israel, the sheep Gentiles of Matthew 25, Yeshua Himself, and the
church which had been raptured and returned with Him), or by resurrection,
or by being returned, body and soul, to earth from heaven (Enoch
and Elijah), will be saved. This glorious throng will be composed of
all believers since Adam.
According to Revelation 20:6, all
who had been resurrected in immortal bodies will
reign with Christ in some capacity for the duration of the
Millennium. This group is comprised of all Old and New Testament
saints, both Jewish and Gentile, the two Tribulation witnesses and
all martyred Tribulation saints. Surely, Enoch and Elijah, who had
never seen death but had been drawn up directly into Heaven, will
reign, as well.
Jesus will reign
over the entire earth in general, and will exercise special kingship
over Israel with resurrected King
David reigning as king over Israel under Him. Under this
dual kingship, the twelve apostles will reign over the twelve tribes
of Israel, and there will be judges
and counselors in Israel, as
well (Isaiah 1:26). Zerubbabel, post-exilic governor of Judah, will
be placed in some unnamed position in Israel (Haggai 2:23). The
Gentile nations of the world will be ruled by Gentile kings, but
Israel will have authority over them and their nations (Isaiah
14:1-2; 60:10-61:5). The body of Christ and the Tribulation martyrs
will rule over the Gentiles, as well (Revelation 20:4-6). How these
different rulerships over the Gentiles will coordinate with one
another remains to be seen. Civil laws will be rendered in the
Kingdom (Micah 4:1-2) from Jesus on down, and there will be laws
regarding worship, as well, as we shall see in our next study.
We will now address three key
of Israel's blessedness in the Kingdom, and follow that by
addressing the significance of Israel's blessedness to the nations
of the world.
Every saved Israelite since
Abraham will be gathered, not just into the Kingdom, but specifically, into Israel, to dwell in their Promised Land.
11. Then it
will happen on that day that the Lord will again recover
the second time with His hand the remnant of His people,
who will remain, from Assyria, Egypt, Pathros, Cush,
Elam, Shinar, Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.
12. and He will lift up a standard for the nations and
assemble the banished ones of Israel, and will gather
the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the
~ Isaiah 11:11-12 ~
The passage describes a worldwide gathering of
Israel from the four corners
of the earth. The phrase
the second time identifies this
particular gathering as
the second worldwide gathering. The first
gathering of Israel
from the four corners of the earth
began in the latter decades of the nineteenth century and culminated
in the birth of the modern State of Israel in 1948. As was shown in
previous studies, the first worldwide gathering, which is
ongoing, is for the purpose of bringing judgment upon Israel
in the Land during the Great Tribulation (see
The Great Tribulation). The second worldwide
gathering will be for the purpose of blessing the nation whose
surviving members will universally have welcomed Jesus as their
Messiah at the end
of the Tribulation.
5. Do not fear, for I am
with you; I will bring your offspring from the east, and
gather you from the west. 6. I will say to the north,
"Give them up!" and to the south, "Do not hold them
back." Bring My sons from afar and My daughters from the
ends of the earth, 7. everyone who is called by My name,
and whom I have created for My glory, whom I have
formed, even whom I have made.
from the ends of the earth.
Also note, everyone who is called by
My name. The Isaiah context limits this
everyone group to Israelites.
Every Israelite alive at that
time will be called by My name
as all Israelite rebels will have been killed during the Tribulation
- two-thirds of the nation - and the remaining third
will receive Him (Zechariah 13:8-9).
Every Israelite will dwell in
their promised homeland, and ever other person will dwell in their own homeland
outside of Israel.
Note that the above passages
speak of a regathering of Israelites from the farthest reaches of earth;
but Mark 13:26-27 extends the reaches of the regathering beyond
earth. Jesus declared,
26. Then they will see THE
SON OF MAN COMING IN CLOUDS with great power and glory.
27. And then He will send forth the angels, and
will gather together His elect from the four winds, from
the farthest end of the earth to the farthest end of
Which Israelites will be in
heaven? Every deceased saved
Israelite since Abraham.
To sum up, every saved Israelite
since Abraham will be gathered from heaven and earth to dwell in the
Land of Israel.
Whereas the above passages emphasize the regathering of Israel, Ezekiel 37:15-22 emphasizes their being
united into a harmonious, organic whole.
Ezekiel lived in Jerusalem in the
Kingdom of Judah until he was he was taken captive to Babylon during
the great Babylonian captivity of Judah. He was well aware that just
125 years prior, the northern Kingdom of Israel had been destroyed by
Assyria, and multitudes of Israel's inhabitants had been taken
captive to the Assyrian Empire. Prior to that, Israel had been judged and split
into the two kingdoms due to the idolatry of Solomon in his latter
years, and now the two kingdoms themselves had been judged. In
Ezekiel 37:15-22, God likens the two kingdoms to two separate sticks
which, in the latter days, He will join into
one stick, and they will be one in My hand (verse 19).
21. Say to them,
"Thus says the
Lord GOD, 'Behold, I will take the sons of Israel from among the nations
where they have gone, and I will gather them from every side and bring
them into their own land; 22. and I will make them one nation in
the land, on the mountains of Israel; and one king will be king for all
of them; and they will no longer be two nations and no longer be divided
into two kingdoms.'"
~ Ezekiel 37:21-22
God spoke to Ezekiel of the uniting of
the divided Kingdom, but the chapter makes it plain that He was speaking in
a much broader context. He was speaking of the day when He would reunite an
Israel that had been splintered and shattered into countless slivers as the
wineglass under the heel of a groom at a Jewish wedding. Indeed, the
shattering of the wineglass commemorates the destruction of the second
Temple in 70 A.D., the central aspect of a subsequent judgment and
scattering of Israel, brought upon her for rejecting her Messiah (Matthew
23-39, esp. verses 37-39).
Saved Israel will be
regathered from heaven and earth after those Israelites on earth
will receive their Messiah, and will then be made
organically whole, unified by the Spirit of the Lord.
Among other passages speaking of the
worldwide gathering of Israel into their Promised Land in the
Kingdom are Isaiah 11:11-12:6; 27:12-13;
43:5-7; Jeremiah 16:14-15; 23:3-4,
7-8; 31:7-10; Ezekiel 11:14-18; 36:24-28; Amos 9:14-15; Zephaniah
3:18-20; Zechariah 10:8-12; Matthew 24:31. The apostles likewise
believed in the restoration of the Kingdom to Israel. See Acts 1:6-7.
14. "Therefore behold, days
are coming," declares the LORD, "when it will no longer
be said, 'As the LORD lives, who brought up the sons of
Israel out of the land of Egypt,' 15. but, 'As the LORD
lives, who brought up the sons of Israel from the land
of the north and from all the countries where He had
banished them.' For I will restore them to their own
land which I gave to their fathers."
~ Jeremiah 16:14-15
Jeremiah emphasizes two
things: one, that the delivery of Israel into their own Land will be of
far greater magnitude than the delivery of Israel from Egypt, for
God will bring up the sons of Israel from
the land of the north and from all the countries where He had
banished them, and two, that He will
restore them to their own land which I gave to their fathers
- not to the ever-shrinking borders set aside for them by
Britain, nor to the
sliced and diced parcels allotted to them by the United
Nations, nor to any of the shifting borders arrived at since then,
or will be arrived at, by
means of war or international pressure - but
to their own land which I gave to their
fathers - to the full allotment that God
promised to the patriarchs.
will live in the land that I gave to your forefathers.
~ Ezekiel 36:28 ~
What Are the Full Borders? Determining the full and exact
borders of the Promised Land is a formidable task, involving the
piecing together of all the descriptions deemed to be relevant in at
least these passages:
Genesis 13:14-17; 15:18-21; Exodus 23:31; Numbers 34:1-15;
Deuteronomy 1:6-8; 11:22-24; Joshua 1:1-6; 13:1-33; Isaiah 27:12;
and Ezekiel 47:13-48:29.
In addition to determining which of the descriptions apply to the
Promised Land in the Kingdom, it requires an intimate knowledge of ancient biblical geography,
including the knowledge of the locations of obscure places, some of
which we do not know today. I tried piecing it all together back in
2003, and gave up. I therefore wrote to Dr. Arnold Fruchtenbaum, a
former student of historical geography at The American Institute of Holy Land
Studies and The Hebrew University, both in Jerusalem. Here is his
upon what we know about the northern border of the
Promised Land, it actually begins just north of modern
day Lebanon and does incorporate all of Lebanon. It goes
straight over to the Euphrates.
It then parallels the Euphrates only for a few miles
before it turns south and comes between Damascus and the
Golan Heights until it
comes to the bottom part of the Sea of Galilee. Not
every place that is mentioned is actually known, but
based upon what is known, the border does not start
north of Beirut but quite north and actually all of
Lebanon ends up being part of the Promised Land."
Dr. Fruchtenbaum's email left
me with some questions, which he subsequently answered. In my
own words, here are his answers:
1. The border goes due east from north of Lebanon to the
2. Damascus will not be included in the Promised Land.
3. The border goes south from the Sea of Galilee along the
Jordan River to the southern tip of the Dead Sea where it turns
westward, south of Beersheba, to a point near the eastern corner
of the southern coast of the Mediterranean where the Wadi El
Arish, a seasonal riverbed, runs into the Mediterranean. The
border then goes northward up the Mediterranean coast to just
north of modern Lebanon where Dr. Fruchtenbaum begins his description above.
The Wadi El Arish is referred
to as the river of Egypt in
Genesis 15:18, and is often mistaken as the Nile River. It is not the
Nile River. What this means is that the Promised Land will not include
the Sinai Peninsula. Note, as well, from Dr. Fruchtenbaum's
description, that the eastern border will not extend down the
length of the Euphrates River to connect with the Tigris near
the Persian Gulf, but "only for a few miles."
Much has been said already on
the blessedness and prominence of Israel in the Kingdom, but
this study would be incomplete without addressing it, at least
We have seen that every saved
Israelite from Abraham through the Tribulation will be gathered
into the full borders of the Land that God promised to the
fathers. What a glorious reunion that will be!
33. "I will put My law
within them and on their heart I will write it; and
I will be their God, and they shall be My people.
34. "They will not teach again, each man his
neighbor and each man his brother, saying, 'Know the
LORD,' for they will all know Me, from the least of
them to the greatest of them," declares the LORD,
"for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I
will remember no more."
~ Jeremiah 31:33-34 ~
This passage reminds us that,
in addition to all Israelites at the end of the Tribulation
period being brought to salvation, all Israelites from that time
forward will be saved. There will be Israelites born in the
Kingdom, and every one of them will receive the Lord - to enjoy
fellowship with every saved Jew since Abraham!
28. You will live in
the land that I gave to your forefathers; so you
will be My people, and I will be your God. 29.
Moreover, I will save you from all your uncleanness;
and I will call for the grain and multiply it, and I
will not bring a famine on you. 30. I will multiply
the fruit of the tree and the produce of the field,
so that you will not receive again the disgrace of
famine among the nations.
~ Ezekiel 36:28-30 ~
This passage likewise promises Israel's
national salvation, and also promises unbroken abundant and
Isaiah 27:6: In the
days to come Jacob will take root, Israel will blossom and
sprout, And they will fill the whole world with fruit.
Israel will not only enjoy abundant harvests
for their own enjoyment, but will
fill the whole world with fruit.
Similarly, Isaiah 51:3:
Indeed, the LORD will comfort Zion; He will comfort all her
waste places. And her wilderness He will make like Eden, and
her desert like the garden of the LORD; joy and gladness
will be found in her, thanksgiving and sound of a melody.
And Zephaniah 2:7:
And the coast will be for the remnant of the house of Judah,
they will pasture on it. In the houses of Ashkelon
[near the Mediterranean]
they will lie down at evening; for the LORD their God will
care for them and restore their fortune.
A few more representative passages:
Yet the number of
the sons of Israel will be like the sand of the
sea, which cannot be measured or numbered; and
in the place where it is said to them, "You are
not My people," it will be said to them, "You
are the sons of the living God."
~ Hosea 1:10 ~
"But now I will not treat the remnant of this
people as in the former days," declares the LORD
of hosts. 12. "For there will be peace for the
seed: the vine will yield its fruit, the land
will yield its produce and the heavens will give
their dew; and I will cause the remnant of this
people to inherit all these things."
~ Zechariah 8:11-12 ~
Isaiah 10:20: Now
in that day the remnant of Israel, and those of the house of
Jacob who have escaped, will never again rely on the one who
struck them, but will truly rely on the LORD, the Holy One
In our present time, Israel is continually
humiliated by needing to curry the favor of powerful nations
that often treat her disdainfully; but in that day it will
not be so. They will never again
rely on the one who struck them, but will truly rely on the
LORD, the Holy One of Israel.
1. For Zion's sake
I will not keep silent, and for Jerusalem's sake
I will not keep quiet, until her righteousness
goes forth like brightness, and her salvation
like a torch that is burning. 2. The nations
will see your righteousness, and all kings your
glory; and you will be called by a new name
which the mouth of the LORD will designate. 3.
You will also be a crown of beauty in the hand
of the LORD, and a royal diadem in the hand of
your God. 4. It will no longer be said to you,
"Forsaken," nor to your land will it any longer
be said, "Desolate"; but you will be called, "My
delight is in her," and your land, "Married";
for the LORD delights in you, and to Him your
land will be married. 5. for as a young man
marries a virgin, so your sons will marry you;
and as the bridegroom rejoices over the bride,
so your God will rejoice over you.
~ Isaiah 62:1-5 ~
1. Arise, shine; for
your light has come, And the glory of the LORD
has risen upon you. 2. For behold, darkness will
cover the earth And deep darkness the peoples;
but the LORD will rise upon you and His glory
will appear upon you. 3. Nations will come to
your light, and kings to the brightness of your
rising. 4. Lift up your eyes round about and
see; they all gather together, they come to you.
Your sons will come from afar, and your
daughters will be carried in the arms. 5. Then
you will see and be radiant, and your heart will
thrill and rejoice; because the abundance of the
sea will be turned to you, the wealth of the
nations will come to you. 6. A multitude of
camels will cover you, the young camels of
Midian and Ephah; all those from Sheba will
come; they will bring gold and frankincense, and
will bear good news of the praises of the LORD.
7. All the flocks of Kedar will be gathered
together to you, the rams of Nebaioth will
minister to you; they will go up with acceptance
on My altar, and I shall glorify My glorious
house. 8. Who are these who fly like a cloud and
like the doves to their lattices? 9. Surely the
coastlands will wait for Me; And the ships of
Tarshish will come first, to bring your sons
from afar, their silver and their gold with
them, for the name of the LORD your God, and for
the Holy One of Israel because He has glorified
you. 10. Foreigners will build up your walls,
and their kings will minister to you; for in My
wrath I struck you, and in My favor I have had
compassion on you. 11. Your gates will be open
continually; they will not be closed day or
night, so that men may bring to you the wealth
of the nations, with their kings led in
procession. 12. For the nation and the kingdom
which will not serve you will perish, and the
nations will be utterly ruined. 13. The glory of
Lebanon will come to you, the juniper, the box
tree and the cypress together, to beautify the
place of My sanctuary; and I shall make the
place of My feet glorious. 14. The sons of those
who afflicted you will come bowing to you, and
all those who despised you will bow themselves
at the soles of your feet; and they will call
you the city of the LORD, The Zion of the Holy
One of Israel. 15. Whereas you have been
forsaken and hated with no one passing through,
I will make you an everlasting pride, a joy from
generation to generation. 16. You will also suck
the milk of nations and suck the breast of
kings; then you will know that I, the LORD, am
your Savior and your Redeemer, the Mighty One of
Jacob. 17. Instead of bronze I will bring gold,
and instead of iron I will bring silver, and
instead of wood, bronze, and instead of stones,
iron. And I will make peace your administrators
and righteousness your overseers. 18. Violence
will not be heard again in your land, nor
devastation or destruction within your borders;
but you will call your walls salvation, and your
gates praise. 19. No longer will you have the
sun for light by day, nor for brightness will
the moon give you light; but you will have the
LORD for an everlasting light, and your God for
your glory. 20. Your sun will no longer set, nor
will your moon wane; for you will have the LORD
for an everlasting light, and the days of your
mourning will be over. 21. Then all your people
will be righteous; they will possess the land
forever, the branch of My planting, the work of
My hands, that I may be glorified. 22. The
smallest one will become a clan, and the least
one a mighty nation. I, the LORD, will hasten it
in its time.
~ Isaiah 60:1-22 ~
Israel will receive honor and praise and a
superabundance of material blessings and service from the nations
of the earth.
Zephaniah 3:20: At
that time I will bring you in, even at the time when I gather you
together; Indeed, I will give you renown and praise among all the
peoples of the earth, when I restore your fortunes before your eyes,
says the LORD.
A detailing of the previous passages is hardly necessary.
Suffice it to say that the Lord Yeshua Himself, true God and true man,
radiant as the sun in His glorified body, will dwell in the midst of His
people Israel, and they will have the LORD for an
everlasting light. Every Israelite entering and born into the
Kingdom will be saved, and they will live in unprecedented peace, abundance
Jerusalem will likewise be central in Kingdom worship, but
we will address this in our next study.
12. Now if
their fall is the riches of the world, and their loss the riches of the
Gentiles, how much more their fullness? . . . .
15. For if the casting away of them is the
reconciling of the world, what shall the receiving of them be,
but life from the dead?
Romans 11:12, 15 (ASV) ~
1. Arise, shine; for
your light has come, and the glory of the LORD has risen upon
you. 2. For behold, darkness will cover the earth and deep
darkness the peoples; but the LORD will rise upon you and His
glory will appear upon you. 3. Nations will come to your light,
and kings to the brightness of your rising.
~ Isaiah 60:1-3 ~
Then the remnant
of Jacob will be among many peoples like dew from the LORD,
like showers on vegetation which do not wait for man or delay for the
sons of men.
~ Micah 5:7 ~
Thus says the LORD of hosts,
"In those days ten men from all the nations
will grasp the garment of a Jew, saying, 'Let us go with you, for we
have heard that God is with you.'"
~ Zechariah 8:23 ~
It is the national salvation of Israel that will prompt the
return of the Lord (Hosea 5:15; Matthew 23:39), and it is their centrality
as the Lord's ministers in the Kingdom that will draw those to them for
ministerial blessing who are the
Lord's or who seek the Lord from among the nations .
What shall their salvation and blessedness be to the nations
of the world?
Life from the dead.
Scriptures chosen by the
author are in the New American Standard version unless
otherwise noted. Scriptures in quotes by others may be in
different translations. Names, titles and other terms within
quoted scriptures and elsewhere may have been changed from
the English to the Hebrew form for the sake of cultural
Dr. Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum
1. The Footsteps of the Christ: A Study of the Sequence of Prophetic
Events. Many consider Footsteps a landmark work in the piecing
together of end-time prophecy.
2. Messianic Bible Study 002: The Jews and the Tribulation
3. Messianic Bible Study 003: The Basis of the Second Coming of the Christ
4. Messianic Bible Study 004: The Campaign of Armageddon
5. Messianic Bible Study 010: The Rise and Fall of the Antichrist
6. Messianic Bible Study 017: The Messianic Kingdom
7. Messianic Bible Study 018: Israel and the Messianic Kingdom
8. Messianic Bible Study 028: The Olivet Discourse
9. Messianic Bible Study 039: The Rapture of the Church
10. Messianic Bible Study 067: The Seventy Sevens of Daniel
11. Messianic Bible Study 084: The Four Women of Revelation
All of Dr. Fruchtenbaum's publications
are available at
Ariel Ministries in
various formats, many for free listening.
Dr. David L. Cooper
Cooper,D.L. (1951, July). Biblical Research Society: Dr. David L. Cooper.
http://ariel.org/dlc/dlc.htm. See What We Believe, section "The
Millennial Reign of Christ."